Adobe Illustrator Free is a vector graphics editor and design program developed and marketed by Adobe Inc. Originally designed for the Apple Macintosh, development of Adobe Illustrator began in 1985. Along with Creative Cloud (Adobe’s shift to monthly or annual subscription service delivered over the Internet), Illustrator CC was released. The latest version, Illustrator CC 2021, was released on October 20, 2020 and is the 25th generation in the product line. Adobe Illustrator was reviewed as the best vector graphics editing program in 2018 by PC Magazine.
1st Versions 1–1.6 (Illustrator 88)
2nd Versions 2–6
3rd Versions 7–10
4rth Versions CS–CS6
5th Version CC
Versions 1–1.6 :
Development of Adobe Illustrator free for the Apple Macintosh began in 1985 (shipping in January 1987) as a commercialization of Adobe’s in-house font development software and PostScript file format. Adobe Illustrator is the companion product of Adobe Photoshop. Photoshop is primarily geared toward digital photo manipulation and photorealistic styles of computer illustration,
when Illustrator provides results in the typesetting and logo graphic areas of design. Early magazine advertisements (featured in graphic design trade magazines such as Communication Arts) referred to the product as “the Adobe Illustrator Free”. Illustrator 88, the product name for version] was released in 1988 and introduced many new tools and features
Byte in 1989 listed Illustrator 88 as among the “Distinction” winners of the Byte Awards, stating that with it Adobe had “pulled ahead” of previously industry-dominant competitor Aldus FreeHand.
Early versions of the software did not support working in preview mode and users needed to have two windows open on their desktop in order to have a live preview of their work. One window would show the work in progress and the other window would show a preview of the work in progress.
Although during its first decade Adobe developed Adobe illustrator Free primarily for Macintosh, it sporadically supported other platforms. In the early 1990s, Adobe released versions of Illustrator for Display PostScript licensees NeXT, Digital Equipment Corporation Ultrix, Silicon Graphics IRIX, and Sun Solaris platforms, but they were discontinued due to poor market acceptance.
The first version of Illustrator for Windows, version 2.0, was released in early 1989 and flopped. The next Windows version, version 4.0, was widely criticized as being too similar to Illustrator 1.1 instead of the Macintosh 3.0 version, and certainly not the equal of Windows’ most popular illustration package
CorelDRAW. (Note that there were no versions 2.0 or 4.0 for the Macintosh—although, the second release for the Mac was titled Illustrator 88—the year of its release. And there was no version 6 for Windows.) Version 4 was, however, the first version of Illustrator to support editing in preview mode, which did not appear in a Macintosh version until 5.0 in 1993. Version 6 was the last truly Macintosh version of Illustrator.
The interface changed radically with the following version to bring consistency between Mac and Windows computer platforms. The changes remained until CS6 when some small steps were taken to restore the app to a slightly more Mac-like interface.
Adobe Illustrator free 10, the last version before the Creative Suite rebrand
With the introduction of Illustrator 7 in 1997, Adobe made critical changes in the user interface with regard to path editing (and also to converge on the same user interface as Adobe Photoshop), and many users opted not to upgrade. Illustrator also began to support TrueType, effectively ending the “font wars” between PostScript Type 1 and TrueType. Like Photoshop, Illustrator also began supporting plug-ins, greatly and quickly extending its abilities.
With true user interface parity between Macintosh and Windows versions starting with 7.0, designers could finally standardize on Illustrator. Corel did port CorelDRAW FreeHand still not available in Illustrator (higher scaling percentages, advanced find-and-replace feature, selective round-corner editing, export/print selected objects only, etc.) Famously, Aldus made a matrix comparing its own FreeHand to Illustrator and Draw in which Draw’s one “win” was that it came with three different clip art views of the human pancreas.
Adobe bought Aldus in 1994 for Page Maker. As part of the transaction, the Federal Trade Commission issued a complaint of Adobe Systems on October 18, 1994, ordering a divestiture of FreeHand to “remedy the lessening of competition resulting from the acquisition because of Adobe’s Illustrator software. As a result, Macromedia acquired Free Hand in 1995 from its original developer, Altsys, and continued its development through 2004.
The difference in strengths between Photoshop and Illustrator became clear with the rise of the Internet, Illustrator was enhanced to support Web publishing, rasterization previewing, PDF, and SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics.) Adobe was an early developer of SVG for the web and Illustrator exported SVG files via the SVG File Format plugin. Using the Adobe SVG Viewer (ASV), introduced in 2000, allowed users to view SVG images in most major browsers until it was discontinued in 2009. Native support for SVG was not complete in all major browsers until Internet Explorer 9 in 2011.
Illustrator Version 9 included a tracing feature, similar to that within Adobe’s discontinued product Streamline.
Illustrator version 10 was released by Adobe in November 2001.
Illustrator CS (aka version 11), released by Adobe for Mac and Windows in October 2003, was the first version to include 3-dimensional capabilities allowing users to extrude or revolve shapes to create simple 3D objects.
It was the last version for the Mac which did not run natively on Intel processors. Among the new features included in Illustrator CS2 were Live Trace,
Best Live Paint, a control palette and custom workspace. The Live Trace allows for the conversion of bitmap imagery into vector art and improved upon the previous tracing abilities. Live Paint allows users more flexibility in applying color to objects, specifically those that overlap. In the same year as the CS2 release,
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Best Adobe Systems announced an agreement to acquire Macromedia in a stock swap valued at about $3.4 billion and it integrated the companies’ operations, networks, and customer-care organizations shortly thereafter. Adobe now owned Freehand along with the entire Macromedia product line and in 2007, Adobe announced that it would discontinue development and updates to the Freehand program. Instead, Adobe would provide tools and support to ease the transition to Illustrator.
CS4 was release in October 2008. The ability to create multiple artboards is one of CS4’s main additions from Freehand. The artboards allow you to create multiple versions of a piece of work within a single document. Other tools include the Blob Brush, which allows multiple overlapping vector brush strokes to easily merge or join, and a revamped gradient tool allowing for more in-depth color manipulation as well as transparency in gradients.
CS5 was release in April 2010. Along with a number of enhancements to existing functionality, Illustrator CS5’s new features include a Perspective Grid tool taken from FreeHand, a Bristle Brush (for more natural and painterly looking strokes) and a comprehensive update to strokes, referred to by Adobe as “Beautiful Strokes”. Version CS6 was the 16th generation of Adobe Illustrator Free .
Along with Creative Cloud (the result of Adobe’s shift on its release strategy), Illustrator CC was release. This version (the 17th) was the first to be only sold in a subscription-base service model, in line with the other software in the formerly call Creative Suite. As part of Creative Cloud, this version brought improvements in that subject such as color, font and program settings syncing, saving documents to the cloud, and integration with Behance (a creative collaborative network), as well as other features such as a new touch-compatible type tool, images in brushes, CSS extraction, and files packaging.
Starting with version 1.0, Adobe chose to license an image of Sandro Botticelli’s “The Birth of Venus” from the Bettmann Archive and use the portion containing Venus’ face as Illustrator’s branding image. John Warnock desired a Renaissance image to evoke his vision of PostScript as a new Renaissance in publishing, and Adobe employee Luanne Seymour Cohen,
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The image of Venus was replace (albeit still accessible via easter egg) in Illustrator CS (11.0) and CS2 (12.0) by a stylized flower to conform to the Creative Suite’s nature imagery. These tools can be select as following: drawing, typing, painting, reshaping, slicing and cutting, symbolism, moving and zooming, and graph.
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Adove Illustrator was represent by the letters Ai in white against an orange background (oranges and yellows were prominent color schemes in Illustrator branding going back as far as version 4.0). The CS4 icon is almost identical, except for a slight alteration to the font and the color which is dark gray.
Compatibility with Inkscape: Inkscape’s native format is SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics), which is support by Adobe Illustrator Free, but the two implementations are not 100% compatible. Inkscape also exports to PS, EPS and PDF, formats which Illustrator can recognize.
A sidebar that appear at the left of the screen with a variety of tools to select, create, and manipulate objects or artworks in Illustrator. These tools can be select as following: drawing, typing, painting, reshaping, slicing and cutting, symbolism, moving and zooming, and graph. Some tools have a small triangle at the bottom right of the toolbox icon.
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Some examples of basic tools in Illustrator are selection tools, paintbrush tools, pen tools, pencil tools e.g. Selection tools are use to the layout, adjust, and organize the artwork by selecting, positioning, and stacking objects accurately. Moreover, selection tools can group, lock or hide, and measure objects.. There are different types of brushes: calligraphic, scatter, art, pattern, and bristle. . Pencil tools allow the user to draw and edit freehand lines.
Adobe Illustrator Draw
Best Winner of the Tabby Award for Creation, Design and Editing and Editor’s Choice Award! Create vector artwork with image and drawing layers you can send to Adobe Illustrator draw or to Photoshop.
Illustrators, graphic designers and artists can:
Zoom up to 64x to apply finer details.
Sketch with five different pen tips with adjustable opacity, size and color.
Work with multiple image and drawing layers.
Rename, duplicate, merge and adjust each individual layer.
Insert basic shape stencils or new vector shapes from Capture.
Send an editable native file to Illustrator or a PSD to Photoshop that automatically opens on your desktop.
Try using Draw with:
You can also take advantage of other Creative Cloud services like:
Search for and license high-res, royalty-free images from inside Draw. Incorporate quality imagery into your work.
CREATIVE CLOUD LIBRARIES
Get easy in-app access to your assets — including Adobe Stock images, photos you processed in Lightroom, or scalable vector-based shapes created in Capture.Start your creative work on any device and seamlessly pick it up on another
POWERED BY CREATIVESYNC
Adobe Creativesync ensures which your files, fonts, design assets, settings and more all instantly appear in your workflow wherever you require them. Start your creative work on any device and seamlessly pick it up on another.
Publish your work to the Behance creative company and get feedback without leaving the software . You can also share through Facebook, Twitter and email.